Un article dans Corrosion Science - CEA SACLAY, Framatome, EDF R&D, TESCAN ANALYTICS

High temperature steam oxidation of chromium-coated zirconium-based alloys: Kinetics and process
Jean-Christophe Brachet, et al., Corrosion Science, https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1anOw,Fwijb35

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The oxidation of chromium-coated zirconium-based alloys is studied under steam at temperatures ranging from 800 °C up to 1500 °C and for oxidation times ranging from a few minutes up to a few hours. For oxidation temperatures up to 1300 °C, the overall oxidation kinetics is nearly parabolic at the beginning of oxidation, when the Cr outer layer is protective. Finally, it significantly accelerates and hydrogen is absorbed during a short period. These steps correspond to different oxidation and diffusion mechanisms, involving: growth of outer chromia scale; Zr-Cr interdiffusion, inducing Zr(Cr,Fe)2 intermetallic layer thickening then disappearance due to transformation into metallic chromium and zirconia; transport of oxygen through residual chromium (in particular along grain boundaries) and into the zirconium substrate, and finally growth of a sub-coating zirconia. The additional effect of the Zr-Cr eutectic reaction occurring when the oxidation temperature is increased beyond 1300 °C is also studied and briefly discussed.